Former President Donald Trump was acquitted in an unprecedented second impeachment trial on the charge of inciting an insurrection for the January 6 Capitol riot, making him the first and only president to impeached and acquitted twice in history.
A majority of senators found Trump guilty this afternoon in a 57-43 vote, but the number fell short of the supermajority needed to convict the president. Had Trump been convicted, the Senate would have moved to bar the 45th president from holding federal office ever again.
The seven GOP senators who joined with all Democrats in finding Trump guilty were: Sens. Richard Burr of North Carolina, Bill Cassidy of Louisiana, Susan Collins of Maine, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, Mitt Romney of Utah, Ben Sasse of Nebraska and Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania.
The acquittal means that as of now Trump can leave the door open to another White House bid in 2024, though senators have hinted they may still try to bar him from office in a separate 14th Amendment measure.
Trump’s second impeachment trial spanned just five days of arguments, making it the shortest in presidential history. The previous record was held by Trump in 2020 when his trial related to inviting foreign interference into the election spanned 21 days.
The trial surrounded the January 6 riot when pro-Trump supporters stormed the Capitol, beat police officers, chanted “Hang Mike Pence” and forced lawmakers to take shelter. The mayhem temporarily stopped Congress’ certification of President Biden’s Electoral College win.
House impeachment managers accused Trump of inciting the insurrection by spreading a “big lie” the election was stolen from him, summoning his supporters to Washington on January 6, telling them to “fight like hell” and then refusing to call off the attack once the mob violently took over the Capitol.
Trump legal team denounced the proceedings as an unconstitutional “sham impeachment” against a private citizen, driven by Democrats’ “hatred” for Trump and desire to silence a political opponent.
Trump lawyers also argued the former president’s political speech is protected by the First Amendment and his words on January 6 to his supporters to “fight like hell” were not meant literally. To drive home that point during the trial, Trump’s defense played an 11-minute video of nearly every Democrat in the chamber using the words “fight” in their past speeches and interviews.
The vote capped a wild day in Washington with numerous plot twists.
In a surprise move, the Senate Saturday morning voted 55-45 to allow witnesses at the trial after lead impeachment manager said Rep. Jamie Raskin said they wanted to hear from GOP Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler during a Zoom deposition.
Raskin, D-Md., cited the “breaking news” overnight about details Beutler revealed of a heated phone call that Trump had with House GOP Leader Kevin McCarthy during the middle of the Capitol attack.
Trump’s legal team blasted the decision to call witnesses and threatened to depose 100 people in the case if the door is open. A visibly angry and animated Michael van der Veen said that House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., and Vice President Kamala Harris would “absolutely” need to be deposed, too, but not by Zoom.
“These depositions should be done in person in my office in Philadelphia,” van der Veen told the senators, which drew audible laughter from the Senate chamber.
Van deer Veen shot back: “I haven’t laughed at any of you. And there’s nothing laughable here.”
The surprise vote on witnesses shook Washington and seemed to even catch senators off guard.
Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, said the move for witnesses came as a surprise to the senators and set off “chaos” in the chamber. He speculated the trial could last until April.
“At this point, it’s pandemonium,” Cruz told pool reporters.
But just as quickly as the Senate went down the path of witnesses, lawyers then reversed course on Saturday.
Trump’s legal team agreed to allow the damaging statement from Beutler to be entered into the trial as evidence. Armed with her statement, House lawyers then abandoned their demand that Beutler be called as a witness altogether.
House managers said the revelations about McCarthy’s call with Trump show that Trump abdicated his oath of office by showing support for the rioters and disregard for the security of members of Congress and his former Vice President Mike Pence who was targeted by the mob for assassination.
“He chose retaining his own power over the safety of Americans,” said Rep. David Cicilline, D-R.I. “I can’t imagine more damning evidence of his state of mind.”